Muhammad Noer Fajar 1, Endarko Endarko 1,*, Agus Rubiyanto 1, Nik Ahmad Nizam Nik Malek 2, Tony Hadibarata 3,*, Achmad Syafiuddin 4

1Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 60111 Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

2Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

3Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, 98009 Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia

4Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

*corresponding author e-mail addresses: endarko@gmail.com; hadibarata@curtin.edu.my | Scopus ID 55217620100; 16233109100

Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry, Volume 10, Issue 1, 2020, 4902 – 4907, https://doi.org/10.33263/BRIAC101.902907

ABSTRACT

This study aims to propose a new green method for the deposition of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on textiles without the use of chemical compounds as binders. The deposition of AgNPs on textiles was achieved by immersing textiles in silver nitrate solution before adding with a natural reducing agent obtained from the extraction of Mikania micrantha. Plasmonic properties of the synthesized AgNPs were characterized using Ultraviolet-visible (UV–vis) spectroscopy and surface morphology of textiles was identified using the field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). In addition, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy was also employed for the characterization. Inhibition zone measurement was performed for evaluating the antifungal capability of textiles attached with AgNPs. This study showed that the attachment of AgNPs to several textile types (cotton, cotton-polyester, silk, and fiber) without the use of binders or other chemical compounds had been successfully achieved. Moreover, all textiles attached with AgNP exhibited effective antifungal activity.

Keywords: Silver nanoparticles;textiles;green method;antifungal materials.